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The Kindred Lending Hand of the United Nations

United Nations

The United Nations is an international organization which was created in the year 1945, shortly after the end of WW1. The UN was formed consisting of 51 countries in order to encourage resolution of international conflicts without war and to form policies on international issues.

Like the majority of the organizations, the UN was formed to meet certain goals and objectives. The Charter of United Nations is the UN’s governing document.

The UN Charter dictates 4 purposes:

  • Maintain peace and security worldwide
  • Develop strong relations amongst nations
  • Foster cooperation between nations in order to solve economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems of different countries.
  • Providing a forum which would bring countries to meet the goals and purposes of the UN.

History of the United Nations

The predecessor of the UN was the League of Nations. The League of Nations was established during the WW1 in 1919 by the Treaty of Versailles (one of the peace of the peace treaties adopted at the end of WW1). Their goal was to encourage cooperation between countries and keep the international peace and security. It was dissolved after it failed to prevent the WW1 and was seen as a failure.

The phrase United Nations was first used by President Franklin D Roosevelt in 1942 when talking about the Declarations by United Nations. The Declaration by United Nations was a pledge by 26 countries to fight together as the Allied Powers against the Axis Powers during World War 2. Two months after the war ended, the representatives of the Allied Powers and 24 other countries met in San Francisco for the conference of United Nations on International Organization. The sole purpose of the conference was to draft the UN charter. On Jun 26, 1951, the United Nations Charter was signed by 51 countries. Shortly after the UN formation, other countries began joining.

Functions

The UN was formed to perform a number of functions, some of them being:

Maintaining international peace and security

The UN does this by working to prevent any conflict from occurring in the first place. They help the parties in conflict make peace and create conditions that would allow peace to be held and flourished.

Protecting Human Rights

The promotion and protection of the human rights is the key purpose of the organization. Since 1948 the organization has worked diligently to protect the human rights through legal instruments and on-the-ground activities.

Delivering Aid

The organization helps nations and regions recover and rebuild after they have been affected by disasters.

 

The author Amita Vadlamudi’s professional profile may be found at her About.me site. Amita Vadlamudi has also published many articles on food and agriculture related topics on her Wix web site.

The Magnanimity of the Red Cross

The Red Cross is an international humanitarian organization. Initially its field of activity was confined to looking after wounded soldiers in wars. They later broadened their activities to the alleviation of all forms of human suffering.

Almost all of the countries have branches of Red Cross which operate during times of war and peace. They operate and provide their aid regardless of color, gender, race, disability, etc. During times of peace, Red Cross is involved in providing first aid, preventing accidents, keeping drinking water free of any harmful chemicals, training nurses and midwives, looking after maternity and childcare centers, establishing hospital and blood banks etc. The organization operates on the fundamental principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, universality, and unity.

The Red Cross usually focuses on three key areas: disaster response and recovery, development, and promoting social inclusion and peace.

Disaster Response and Recovery:

The Red Cross believes in urgent and immediate humanitarian response to disasters by being prepared in risk reduction. This not only saves lives but also is cost effective and builds resilience. Red Cross makes sure that their volunteers are present before, during, and after a crisis. Volunteers are trained to know how best to comfort and support those affected because they are also one of the affected people.

Development:

The Red Cross is active in health (including extensive HIV/AIDS programming), water sanitation, and food security. They are also into addressing the humanitarian consequences of climate change, urbanization, violence, and regular and irregular migration.

Promoting Social Inclusion and Peace:

The organization works on making sure that their fundamental principles are being applied on a practical level. They support the integration of disadvantaged people in their communities. They work to remove the bridge that divides people because of religions and cultures.

History

The Red Cross was founded in the year 1863 in Geneva by five men. It was first named the International Committee for Relief to the Wounded. It was later converted to the International Committee for Relief of the Red Cross. The emblem was a red cross on the white background.

In 1959, when Henry Dunant, a young Swiss banker, came upon a bloody battle scene in Solferino, Italy he was appalled when he saw that at least 40,000 men lay dead or dying on the battlefield without any medical attention. Dunant called upon the local people to form a committee and help the helpless.

When he returned to his homeland he called for a creation of national relief societies to assist those wounded in war and pointed the way to the future Geneva Conventions.

In the later years, the Red Cross organizations started adding more areas for which they devised up aid plans. As of now they have approximately 97 million volunteers and growing.

 

The author of this article Amita Vadlamudi, a former Computer Software Engineer likes to spend time volunteering in her community. Amita Vadlamudi also supports various charitable organizations including Red Cross which she believes does a very commendable humanitarian work.

How to Plant a Rose Bush

Buying roses can be nice but they can wither out soon enough. However, having a potted rose plant would mean an indefinite supply of roses for a longer time. So in case you wish to plant your own roses you can follow these steps:

  • First, do your research; there are different varieties of roses which you might want to look into before you start planting.
  • You need to purchase the proper gardening tools and supplies.
  • Decide on where you would like to plant the bush. A suitable soil ph level is 6.3 – 6.8. A good way of looking for the right soil is to walk over the area with good drainage. If the soil is damp but not waterlogged, it is ideal.
  • Soak the plant’s roots by placing the plant in a bucket of water for a few hours before planting.
  • Prepare a large hole about 18 inches wide and 18 inches deep.
  • Next, you place the bare potted rose on top of the mound. Use the shovel to fill the hole back with the soil. The rose bud’s union should be located 2 inches below the surface of the ground.
  • Place the mulch over the area where you planted the rose. If you planted a potted bush then place it around the stem. This keeps the temperature consistent and protects the roses during its initial stages.
  • Water the roses.
  • Roses have modest water needs, which reduce their demands on the environment.

Homeowners, who plant roses may not need to install automatic sprinklers and can instead rely on natural rainfall or occasional watering.

For flowers that are so high in demand, roses are very low maintenance. All the more reason to start planting them in your garden, and reap the benefits!

About the Author:  Amita Vadlamudi a former Computer Programmer enjoys flowers and gardens. Amita Vadlamudi is particularly fond of roses and as such takes special interest in rose gardens.

Ms. Vadlamudi’s other Web Pages:
Amita Vadlamudi on F6S
Amita Vadlamudi on Foursquare

Selecting a Charity to Support

Helping Hand

Selecting a charity to support can be a difficult task; however, careful evaluation of a nonprofit is a good way to determine whether or not an organization deserves a person’s hard-earned money. Before picking a charity, a donor should identify an organization’s short- and long-term goals as well as how contributions are used. For example, a food bank may have a goal to spread its services to two additional counties within five years and will use donations to support this effort. Charities may offer this information on their website, or a potential donor may have to call a representative of the nonprofit to obtain this information.

Another tip for selecting a charity is to analyze a nonprofit’s progress over the course of its lifetime. Requesting information, like past annual reports, is a good way to review the organization’s growth and movement toward achieving mission and goals. Likewise, the potential donor can ask a nonprofit what metrics are used to measure its impact and successes.

About the Author:

A community advocate, Amita Vadlamudi likes to support local charitable organizations and needy causes by volunteering her time and by offering financial contributions. In addition, Amita Vadlamudi supports various national nonprofit organizations.

 

An Introduction to Seashells

Seashells

Seashells are some of the most beautiful and interesting objects. They are colorful and they come in a large array of shapes and sizes.

Most seashells belong to mollusks which are soft boneless animals that are generally aquatic. They include snails, clams, scallops, oysters and mussels. The shell is mostly made of calcium carbonate and is secreted by the animal. The shells provide protection for their owner. When they sense danger from the predators the mollusks shut themselves off in the shell.

Two of the prominent groups of seashells are Univalves which have a single shell and Bivalves which have two shells hinged together. Snails have Univalve shells. One of the most commonly identified Univalve shells is the conch shell which comes from large snails. It has the familiar spiral shape with a large open lip. Horse conch is one of the largest Univalve shells which measures up to 2 feet and is found in Florida. Clams, scallops, oysters and mussels have the Bivalve shells. They have the familiar fan shape with ridges. The giant clam of South Pacific has one of the largest Bivalve shells and it can grow up to 4 feet long. But most Univalve and Bivalve shells are of modest size that can be held in a human hand.

Spirals and fans are not the only shapes that the shells come in. There are over 100,000 kinds of mollusk shells with a wide variety of designs and shapes. Seashells are used in jewelry, decorations and ornaments. Artisans make beautiful shapes of animals and dolls using various shells. Conch shells are used as paper weights and as lamp bases. They are also used as musical instruments in some parts of the world. Legendary Hindu warriors blew Conch shells to signify the beginning of a battle, much like trumpets are used today.

Indeed, seashell usage was traced back to the Stone age. Jewelry made of shells was found at many archaeological sites like Aztec ruins, ancient China, and the Indus Valley. Various shells were used as money by the pre-historic people as well as native people of North and South America.

Seashells can be fun to collect. For people who are just satisfied with looking, Smithsonian Institute has the largest collection of mollusk shells.

About the Author: Amita Vadlamudi who has worked in the computer field loves to visit museums and watch collections of sea shells and other natural wonders. Amita Vadlamudi also likes to research into the science and history behind those objects.

Volunteering at the Library

Library

Libraries are a great community resource, full of books and technologies to help local residents expand their minds and build upon their skill sets. Many libraries welcome individuals wishing to volunteer. Volunteers at the library may find themselves doing a variety of tasks to help ensure smooth operations, including:

 1. Clerical support: Volunteers play a crucial role in maintaining order in the library by checking in and processing books and other returned materials. They may also help stock and shelve books and “shelf-read” to ensure that books are in proper numerical order according to their call numbers.

 2. Book reader: Many libraries invite volunteers to participate in reading programs for children. A book reader may lead a story hour, reading favorite children’s books to an earnest audience.

3. Decoration: Some libraries like to decorate for certain holidays or according to a certain theme. Volunteers may assist by creating and displaying decorations.

These are just a few examples of volunteer work at libraries. Since libraries often meet so many community needs, there are endless amounts of volunteer activities. Stop by your local library to learn more.

About the author: Amita Vadlamudi is a volunteer shelf-reader at her local library. An avid reader, Amita Vadlamudi especially enjoys non-fiction books.

 

Supporting Public Television

Dollars to Public Television

Information technology professional Amita Vadlamudi has served as a computer systems analyst at a major financial company, where she focused on IBM mainframe and Unix systems. Amita Vadlamudi supports a number of nonprofit organizations, including the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS). 

PBS has been in the business of educational television programming since the network’s launch in 1970. For the past decade, annual Roper polls have placed PBS at or near the top of the list of the country’s most trusted sources of information. The nonprofit public broadcasting network may be seen as the nation’s largest classroom rather than just a television channel. 

PBS runs several pledge drives per year in order to raise funds. However, philanthropists and charitable individuals can donate money at any time by visiting the PBS website. There, supporters can give as much or as little as they desire. These tax-deductible pledges are used to maintain and enhance the network’s services and program offerings.

 

Supporting National Public Radio

Radio

For more than 30 years, Amita Vadlamudi has been working in the information technology sector. Amita Vadlamudi gives to several charitable organizations, including the American Red Cross and National Public Radio (NPR).

 Founded in 1970, the award-winning media organization NPR develops and distributes news content for nearly 1,000 independent radio stations across America. On average, NPR programming reaches close to 30 million listeners every week. At present, NPR operates a news channel, a music channel, national labs, and a number of digital services.

Largely a publicly funded organization, NPR seeks to remain as unbiased as possible in its reports. Listeners are encouraged to make tax-deductible donations to the station in order to maintain and advance popular programs such as All Things Considered and Morning Edition. Additionally, the NPR website allows visitors to purchase merchandise that both supports and promotes the station; available products include tea shirts, coffee mugs, and tote bags.

You can become a member and support NPR by donating as little as $60 or $5 a month. When you sign up as a member, you will also be able to choose gifts like umbrellas, books and magazine subscriptions.

 

Origins of Apples

Amita Vadlamudi finds History to be a very interesting Study. Having come across the mention of apples in the ancient cultures books, Amita Vadlamudi decided to trace their origins.

Apples are ubiquitous. First item one finds in any fruit section from grocery store to convenient store is the apple. Apples are not only everywhere, but they have been around for millennia.

Origins of apples have been traced to Kazakhstan in Asia thousands of years ago. Apples were cultivated during Greek era around 300 BC and they were common fruit during Roman times. Romans said to have brought them into England around 1st century BC. The colonists brought apple seeds from Europe to America in the 1600’s and the crop took off in the suitable climate of North America.

Now USA is the second largest producer of apples next to China. Turkey, Italy, India, Poland, France, Iran, Brazil and Chile are the top producers of Apples. Apples grow in most of the 50 states of America. Washington state is by far the largest producer of apples in USA. Other top producing states in USA are New York and Michigan.

Whether they are locally grown or imported, apples can be found in every corner of the world. With over 7,500 varieties of apples worldwide one can always find an apple that suits their taste.

Being a Library Shelf Reader

 

One way people can aid their community is by offering their services at the local library. A popular volunteer position is that of a shelf reader. At the library for several hours a week, shelf readers keep books on the shelves in order. Depending on where the person is stationed, he or she might need to place books in alphabetical or in Dewey order so that patrons can find the material easier. Sometimes, they shift the books to different shelves so that racks maintain an evenly distributed look. Another duty involves answering questions from guests.

To perform the role, shelf readers need to possess a number of skills. Physical stamina is required, as they bend, stretch, pick up books, and stand on footstools to set the material on higher locations. In some districts, applicants must also pass a placement test.

About the author:

For the past 35 years, Amita Vadlamudi has held a career in the information technology field, and she has garnered experience in numerous operating systems and languages. During her spare time, Amita Vadlamudi volunteers as a shelf reader.