Tag Archives: United Nations

World Health Organization – Ensuring Global Quality Healthcare

World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to provide quality healthcare for everyone across the globe. Established in 1830, the organization, which is an agency of the United Nations, aims to prevent disasters such as the cholera epidemics that decimated large numbers of populations in 1830 and 1847.

World Health Organization’s History

In response to the Cholera epidemics, the first International Sanitary Conference convened in 1851 in Paris. The political divide among different countries impeded them from making any significant progress during the series of conferences held between 1851 and 1938. The coalition thus dispersed, having achieved only minor gains.

During the 1945 United Nations annual conference, the Chinese, Norwegian, and Brazilian delegates proposed the creation of an International Health Organization. Initially, the delegates failed to get a resolution passed on the matter. Upon the suggestion of then UN Secretary General, Alger Hiss, China lobbied a declaration, which was passed.

The term “International” was later swapped with the term “World” to promote the global perspective that the organization employs. All 51 United Nation countries signed the Constitution for the World Health Organization. 10 other countries also joined on 22nd July 1946. Currently, WHO has 194 member states and over 150 offices worldwide.

Significant Contributions

  • The World Health Organization played an important role in the eradication of small pox from 1958 to 1979.
  • In 1986 WHO launched its global program on HIV/AIDS
  • In 1988, the organization established a Polio Eradication Initiative
  • As of 2012, WHO is immersed in providing leadership in matters related to public health.

Currently, the organization strives to equip the global population with information on how to effectively deal with communicable and non-communicable diseases. It employs multiple resources to ensure development of a system that is well equipped to deal with health emergencies. It aims to improve access to primary healthcare, identify threats and risks, and take precautionary actions to minimize damages.

You can find out more about WHO from their web site, https://www.who.int

You can also read more about WHO’s history and contributions on Wikipedea


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The Kindred Lending Hand of the United Nations

United Nations

The United Nations is an international organization which was created in the year 1945, shortly after the end of WW1. The UN was formed consisting of 51 countries in order to encourage resolution of international conflicts without war and to form policies on international issues.

Like the majority of the organizations, the UN was formed to meet certain goals and objectives. The Charter of United Nations is the UN’s governing document.

The UN Charter dictates 4 purposes:

  • Maintain peace and security worldwide
  • Develop strong relations amongst nations
  • Foster cooperation between nations in order to solve economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems of different countries.
  • Providing a forum which would bring countries to meet the goals and purposes of the UN.

History of the United Nations

The predecessor of the UN was the League of Nations. The League of Nations was established during the WW1 in 1919 by the Treaty of Versailles (one of the peace of the peace treaties adopted at the end of WW1). Their goal was to encourage cooperation between countries and keep the international peace and security. It was dissolved after it failed to prevent the WW1 and was seen as a failure.

The phrase United Nations was first used by President Franklin D Roosevelt in 1942 when talking about the Declarations by United Nations. The Declaration by United Nations was a pledge by 26 countries to fight together as the Allied Powers against the Axis Powers during World War 2. Two months after the war ended, the representatives of the Allied Powers and 24 other countries met in San Francisco for the conference of United Nations on International Organization. The sole purpose of the conference was to draft the UN charter. On Jun 26, 1951, the United Nations Charter was signed by 51 countries. Shortly after the UN formation, other countries began joining.


The UN was formed to perform a number of functions, some of them being:

Maintaining international peace and security

The UN does this by working to prevent any conflict from occurring in the first place. They help the parties in conflict make peace and create conditions that would allow peace to be held and flourished.

Protecting Human Rights

The promotion and protection of the human rights is the key purpose of the organization. Since 1948 the organization has worked diligently to protect the human rights through legal instruments and on-the-ground activities.

Delivering Aid

The organization helps nations and regions recover and rebuild after they have been affected by disasters.


The author Amita Vadlamudi’s professional profile may be found at her About.me site. Amita Vadlamudi has also published many articles on food and agriculture related topics on her Wix web site.